There could be a few reasons why your cat has peed or pooped outside of the litter box and it is very important that you listen to your cat to solve the problem.
This is their way of signalling to you that something is wrong — either with health or anxiety — and there are several ways to fix it.
If your cat is peeing or pooping outside the box, the first thing you should do is go to the vet. Rule out any health problems.
If this wasn’t happening a week ago and now it’s starting to happen regularly, you need to think about what may have changed in your home.
Almost all litter box problems come down to two things. It’s either a physical problem or it revolves around territorial insecurity/anxiety.
Rule Out Health Issues
It may not be health related at all, but whenever a cat’s bathroom habits become unusual, it’s always good to just have a vet check-up and make sure there is nothing unseen at work (urinary tract infection, bladder problems, kidney stones, etc.).
Make Sure The Litter Box Is Clean
No one likes a dirty box – especially a cat. Your cat does not simply need a litter box – they need a clean litter box with fresh litter. Your cat will be inhibited from using the litter box if it smells of urine. Think about it from the cat’s viewpoint. When they soil your dining room carpet, the area is immediately and thoroughly cleaned. Given the choice between a regularly cleaned place and a litter box that gets changed only once or twice a week, your cat will naturally prefer the carpet. Some cats dislike certain types of litter and won’t use it.
The difference between peeing and marking spraying.
Is your cat backing up to a wall and spraying the wall, spraying the vertical world there, the walls? Take a look at where your cat is marking and a lot of times marking is going to happen by the front door, by the back door or under the windows. This is perimeter marking.
So what is causing your cat to do this – the chances are that you’ve got cats in your neighbourhood.
If they’re squatting on the floor, it’s probably something a little different, although it still can be a very insecure statement on their part. If your cat is marking right outside the box they are probably sending a message to somebody else in the home, it could be a dog or children, the marking is to tell others that this is their litter box.